Grand Slum Die vier Grand Slam Turniere
Ein Grand Slam im Tennissport bedeutet den Gewinn aller vier Grand-Slam-Turniere innerhalb eines Kalenderjahres. Die Liste der Sieger der Grand-Slam-Turniere im Herreneinzel listet zuerst alle Sieger bei den vier Grand-Slam-Turnieren im Tennis – Australian Open, French. Als Grand Slam (engl. großer Schlag) bezeichnet man vor allem im Sport große, historische Erfolge; der Ausdruck selbst stammt vom Kartenspiel Whist und. Alle Grand Slams im übersichtlichen Kalender! Australian Open, Roland Garros (French Open), Wimbledon und US Open - hier im Grand Slam Kalender. Grand Slams. Die mit Abstand prestigeträchtigsten und wichtigsten Turniere im Tenniskalender sind die vier Grand-Slam-Turniere. Angefangen mit den Australian.
Grand Slams. Die mit Abstand prestigeträchtigsten und wichtigsten Turniere im Tenniskalender sind die vier Grand-Slam-Turniere. Angefangen mit den Australian. Tennis-Grand-Slams auf huubbroers.be: Hier findest Du News, Infos, Ergebnisse und Videos zu den Australien Open, den French Open, den US Open und Wimbledon. Tennis Infos zu den vier Grand Slam Turnieren. Egal ob Australien Open, French Open, Wimbledon oder US Open - bei uns bekommst du alle Infos. Tennis Infos zu den vier Grand Slam Turnieren. Egal ob Australien Open, French Open, Wimbledon oder US Open - bei uns bekommst du alle Infos. Tennis-Grand-Slams auf huubbroers.be: Hier findest Du News, Infos, Ergebnisse und Videos zu den Australien Open, den French Open, den US Open und Wimbledon. Was gibt es besseres für Tennis-Fans als die Grand-Slam-Turniere: Australian Open, US Open, Wimbledon und French Open. Wann finden. Wer hat die meisten Grand-Slam-Titel gewonnen? Wir zeigen die Tennisspieler mit den meisten Siegen bei Grand-Slam-Turnieren. Diese acht Spieler haben während ihrer Laufbahn alle vier Grand-Slam-Turniere gewonnen.
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They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men, which is 5.
Each tournament is played over a two-week period. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts , [a] the French on clay , and Wimbledon on grass.
Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in , followed by the US in , the French in , and the Australian in However the French Championships was not considered a major before —25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments.
Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates around Christmas and New Year's Day and the low prize money—was not unusual before The term Grand Slam, without qualification, and also originally, refers to the achievement of winning all four major championships within a single calendar year within one of the five events: men's and women's singles; men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles.
In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners.
Winning the four majors in consecutive tournaments, but not in the same year is known as a non-calendar year Grand Slam, while winning all four majors at any point during the course of a career is known as a career Grand Slam.
Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in one calendar year is known as a "golden Grand Slam" or more commonly the "Golden Slam".
Also, winning the year-end championship known as ATP Finals for men's singles and doubles disciplines, and WTA Finals for both women's disciplines in the same period is known as a "Super Slam".
Together, all four majors in all three disciplines singles, doubles, and mixed doubles are called a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles.
No player, male or female, has ever won all twelve events in one calendar year, although a "career boxed set" has been achieved by three female players.
The term slam for winning all of the tricks in the whist family card games see also whist terms is attested from early in the 17th century.
Grand slam for all of the tricks, in contrast to small slam or little slam for all but one, dates from early in the 19th century.
Tennis has a long history of adopting golf custom and Grand slam appears to have entered tennis not directly from card sport but via golf as it was used since , when Bobby Jones won the four major championships, two British and two American tournaments.
Although John F. Kieran of The New York Times is widely credited with first applying the term "grand slam" to tennis to describe the winning of all four major tennis tournaments in a calendar year,  sports columnist Alan Gould had used the term in that connection almost two months before Kieran.
The possibility of being the reigning champion of all the current four majors did not exist until —25, when the International Lawn Tennis Federation designated the Australasian, French before only open to members of French tennis clubs , British and American championship tournaments as the four majors.
It has been possible to complete a Grand Slam in most years and most disciplines since It was not possible from to because of interruptions at Wimbledon, the Australian and French opens due to the Second World War, the years from to when there was no Australian tournament in mixed doubles, and when there was no Australian Open at all.
Phil Dent has pointed out that skipping majors—especially the Australian Open—was not unusual then, before counting major titles became the norm.
Beginning in , when the first Australian Open was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals, who at that point were prohibited from playing the traditional circuit.
The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe. In terms of the current four majors, the first to win all four in a single year was Don Budge , who completed the feat in To date, 17 players have completed a Grand Slam, though only six in the most prestigious singles titles.
Of these players, three have won multiple majors: Rod Laver accomplished the feat twice in men's singles; Margaret Court accomplished the feat three times, in two different disciplines — once in women's singles and twice in mixed doubles; and Esther Vergeer completed a grand slam twice in Women's wheelchair doubles.
The four Junior disciplines, boys' and girls' singles and doubles, provide limited opportunities to achieve a Grand Slam. Players are only eligible from age 13 to 18, with year-olds likely to hold a physical advantage.
Although groups variously identified as the Men's International Professional Tennis Council , "abetted primarily by some British tennis writers",  and "European tennis journalists"  had advocated for the ITF to change the definition of "Grand Slam", ITF General Secretary David Gray made it clear that this was not going to happen.
In a letter to tennis journalist Paul Fein, Gray clarified:. There seems to be some confusion. The ITF's plan was to offer the cash bonus for three years, apparently to encourage players to compete in all four major tournaments as much as to reward success at them.
Even before the ITF had announced their bonus, the Grand Slam controversy had taken on a life of its own. Writing in , Neil Amdur claimed, "Now the sport spins nervously under the influence of big dollars and even bigger egos, and tradition has almost gone the way of white balls and long flannels [ But changing what the Grand Slam is all about is like a baseball player believing that he 'hit for the cycle' after slugging a single, double and triple in the first game of a doubleheader and a home run in his first time at bat in the second game.
Such confusion continued for years. However, the ambiguous way the ITF described the Grand Slam in their Constitution led to journalists continuing to make the same assumption as Vecsey over two decades later.
For instance, when Rafael Nadal was on the verge of completing a non-calendar year Grand Slam at the Australian Open , one writer observed, "Most traditionalists insist that the 'Grand Slam' should refer only to winning all four titles in a calendar year, although the constitution of the International Tennis Federation, the sports governing body, spells out that 'players who hold all four of these titles at the same time achieve the Grand Slam'.
Players who hold all four of these titles in one calendar year achieve the 'Grand Slam'. When Martina Navratilova won the French Open and became the reigning champion of all four women's singles events, she was the first player to receive the bonus prize in recognition of her achievement.
Some media outlets did, indeed, say that she had won a Grand Slam. Combining the Grand Slam and non-calendar year Grand Slam, the total number of times that players achieved the feat of being the reigning champion in all four majors expands to Three women have won four or more consecutive major titles since , with Navratilova taking six in a row in — On the men's side, Novak Djokovic was the first singles player since Rod Laver to hold all four major titles at once, which he accomplished between Wimbledon and the French Open.
Prior to the Open Era , Don Budge received the same accolades in winning the French Championships in , but then completed the more prestigious Grand Slam at the US Championships , giving him six majors in a row, the only male to ever win more than four consecutive major tournaments.
The Bryan brothers Bob and Mike were the last to achieve a non-calendar year Grand Slam in men's doubles.
Several players and teams came up one title short. Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde , known collectively as The Woodies , reached the final of the French Open while holding all the other three titles, but lost to Yevgeny Kafelnikov and Daniel Vacek.
In singles, Pete Sampras lost the French Open quarterfinal to fellow countryman Jim Courier , having won the previous three majors.
Roger Federer in and , and Novak Djokovic in repeated this, both ultimately losing the French Open final to Rafael Nadal. In Novak Djokovic repeated this one more time, but lost in semifinal to Dominic Thiem.
Nadal himself was prevented from achieving this feat by his countryman David Ferrer , who defeated him in the quarterfinal of the Australian Open , which Nadal entered holding the other three major titles.
In women's singles, Monica Seles lost the Wimbledon final to Steffi Graf , having won the previous three majors.
Martina Hingis had a chance to achieve the feat in the , but lost to Seles in the French Open semifinal. The following list is for those players who achieved a non-calendar Grand Slam by winning four or more consecutive titles, but who failed to win the Grand Slam during the same streak.
The career achievement of all four major championships in one discipline is termed a Career Grand Slam in that format.
Dozens of players have accomplished that column two and 17 have doubled it: won a second championship in each of the four majors in one format column three.
Two or more career championships in all four majors is sometimes called a "Multiple Slam Set". Three players have Multiple Slam Sets in two formats, one in three formats, so 22 players are counted in the table column three.
Their achievements are tabulated below. Eight men and ten women have won Career Grand Slams in singles play rows one and two ; among them two men and five women have at least two Career Grand Slams in singles column three.
Several singles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:.
Several doubles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:.
Court, Hart and Navratilova are the only three players to have completed a "Career Boxed Set", winning all four titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles; this has never been done by a male player.
The remainder of this section is a complete list, by format, of all players who have won the Career Grand Slam.
Players are ordered chronologically by their completion of the Career Grand Slam. The major tournament at which the Career Grand Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.
Eight men have won all four major tournaments. The US Open changed its surface from grass to clay in and then to hard court in The Australian Open changed from grass to hard court in The last four players Agassi, Federer, Nadal, Djokovic achieved their career grand slam on three different surfaces: hard court, clay, and grass.
Each woman's "first wins" in the four majors are listed chronologically and their ages upon completion of the Career Grand Slam are given in brackets.
At Women's Doubles, 21 players have won the career Slam, including ten who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Nine of the 21 achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Women's Doubles, led by Martina Navratilova with seven or more titles in each major.
At Mixed Doubles, a total of 17 players have won the career Slam, including seven who won all four events with the same partner — an odd number because Margaret Court accomplished a career Grand Slam separately with Ken Fletcher and Marty Riessen.
Four of the 17 players have accomplished multiple career Grand Slams in mixed doubles, led by Margaret Court's quadruple Slam. Helen Wills Moody won all 16 of the Grand Slam singles tournaments she played beginning with the U.
Championships and extending to the Wimbledon Championships not counting her defaults in the French and Wimbledon Championships.
During this period, she won 6 Wimbledons, 4 French Championships, and 6 U. She also won the Olympics during this period. Moody never entered the Australian Championships.
Doris Hart won all 13 of the Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments she played beginning with the French Championships and extending to the U. During this period, she won 5 Wimbledons, 3 French Championships, and 5 U.
In Margaret Court won a record nine titles out of twelve available to a player in the same year: the singles, doubles and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam tournaments.
In Martina Navratilova reached Finals in all Grand Slam events held that year, equaling the record of eleven final appearances set by Court in and repeated a year later.
Only twelve unique players - nine women and three men - have won at least six major championships in one calendar year.
Tennis was an Olympic sport from the inaugural Summer Olympics to the Games , then was dropped for the next 64 years except as a demonstration sport in and before returning in As there were only three major championships designated by the International Lawn Tennis Federation before , none of the tennis players who participated in the Olympics between and had a chance to complete a Golden Grand Slam.
However, there was a possibility to complete a Career Golden Grand Slam by winning the Olympics or Olympics plus each of the four grand slams, all of which were present from onwards.
Only one player has completed the Golden Slam:  . Winning four consecutive Grand Slam tournaments and Olympic event in the period of twelve months, although not in the same year, is called a "Non-calendar year Golden Slam".
After they won the final at Wimbledon, this was coined the "Golden Bryan Slam". A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic gold medal or a Paralympic gold medal during his or her career is said to have achieved a Career Golden Slam.
The event at which the Career Golden Slam was achieved is indicated in bold. Soon after the Open Era began in , the new professional tours each held a year-end championship YEC , which are elite tournaments involving only the top performers of the given season.
Players who have won three of the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year. Championships final against Fred Perry , then tired in the heat and lost the last two sets and the match.
Note 1: From to , the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year. Note 2: Until , Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs.
The Triple Crown refers to winning the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles titles at one event, in the same week.
Doris Hart for example attained her first Triple Crown after playing three Wimbledon final matches held in one single day.
Another Grand Slam-related accomplishment is winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles — which is at least one of every possible type of major championship available to a player: the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events of the year.
This has never been accomplished within a year or consecutively across two calendar years. The Career Boxed Set refers to winning one of every possible grand slam title singles, doubles, mixed over the course of an entire career.
No male player has completed this, although Frank Sedgman only missed out on the French Open singles title, having reached the final in So far, only three women have completed the boxed set during their careers:.
Court is not only unique in having two boxed sets, but is also unique in the timing of her accomplishments.
Her first boxed set was completed before the start of the open era , and she has a boxed set achieved solely within the open era:.
Martina Hingis was the most recent player to be one title away from joining this elite group. She only needed the French Open singles, having reached the final in and She only needed the Australian Open women's doubles title, having reached the final in and Of the many players who have managed to win a full set of four majors, there is a small number who have gone on to win all four majors a second or more times.
MSS players can be found in each of the five tennis disciplines: men's or women's singles, men's or women's doubles, mixed doubles.
It can also be found in women's wheelchair doubles. Before the Open Era began in , only amateur players were allowed to compete in the four majors.
Many male top players "went pro" in order to win prize money legally, competing on a professional world tour comprising completely different events.
Three other players won those three major trophies during their pro careers: Ellsworth Vines , Hans Nüsslein and Don Budge. The pro slams did not have a women's draw.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Australian Open. French Open. US Open. To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.
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Retrieved 7 March Retrieved 1 March Grand Slam History Reference Book grandslamhistory. Los Angeles Times. Online Etymological Dictionary etymonline.
Douglas Harper. Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 14 December The Reading Eagle Reading, Pennsylvania. Retrieved 16 July The Encyclopedia of Tennis.
The Viking Press. Retrieved 20 April Australian Stadiums. Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 25 January The Daily Telegraph.
Archived from the original on 1 February Tennis Confidential Retrieved 29 July Archived from the original on 14 August Retrieved 26 June Retrieved 18 January Retrieved 6 July The Guardian.
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Ken Rosewall: Der Grosse Meister. Tennis Week Magazine. Tennis Sydney. Retrieved 10 January Don't Forget Laver's Lost Years".
Retrieved 24 April Grand Slam tournament champions. Grand Slam overall records. Men's singles Women's singles Men's doubles Women's doubles Mixed doubles.
Men's singles finals Women's singles finals Age of first title. Grand Slam tournament venues. Non-calendar year Grand Slam. Professional U.
Tennis records and statistics. Singles Open era All-time Misc. Scoring system point Strategy grips serve and volley Equipment ball racket strings Official Technology electronic line judge Hawk-Eye Cyclops.
Carpet Clay Grass Hard. Records Singles finals. Melbourne Park , Melbourne. Novak Djokovic. Sofia Kenin. Rajeev Ram Joe Salisbury.
Stade Roland Garros , Paris. Rafael Nadal. Ashleigh Barty. Kevin Krawietz Andreas Mies. Latisha Chan Ivan Dodig.
Simona Halep. Bianca Andreescu. Elise Mertens Aryna Sabalenka. Bethanie Mattek-Sands Jamie Murray. Don Budge.
Ken McGregor Frank Sedgman. Maureen Connolly. Maria Bueno. With Christine Truman and Darlene Hard. Rod Laver. Margaret Court Ken Fletcher.
Margaret Court. Owen Davidson. Stefan Edberg. Martina Navratilova Pam Shriver. Steffi Graf. Martina Hingis.
Esther Vergeer Korie Homan. Esther Vergeer Sharon Walraven. Part of 7 consecutive titles for the team Part of 8 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Sharon Walraven and Marjolein Buis.
Several other Lancasters were hit by anti-aircraft fire and four others were attacked by Me s, fifteen of which were seen on the flight to the target.
Crews reported three hits and two near-misses to the south and the bridge was brought down by a Tallboy.
The pen was intended to be the assembly plant for the Type XXI submarine and work had commenced in The roof was made of reinforced concrete with arched trusses on the walls, filled with concrete.
The weather was good over Farge, with slight Flak and no fighter opposition. One Lancaster returned soon after take-off and another turned back over the target with engine-trouble, ditching the Grand Slam in the North sea.
The formation was escorted by Spitfire and Mustang fighters. Luftwaffe fighters, including jets, attempted to intercept the formation. Five hits were claimed but the Grand Slams appear to have missed; reconnaissance photographs revealed seven hits, four through the roof.
Many buildings to the north and west of the pens were destroyed or damaged. Six Lancasters were hit by Flak but no aircraft were lost. On 18 April bombers attacked the anti-aircraft guns and achieved some hits.
The next day, twenty Lancasters of Squadron, six carrying Grand Slams and the rest Tallboys, along with 16 aircraft from 9 Squadron, escorted by six squadrons of Spitfires and one of Mustangs, attacked the islands and achieved more hits; no aircraft were lost.
In March day sorties were flown, 31 with Grand Slams and 40 with Tallboys. An analysis of the bombing accuracy of Squadron and 9 Squadron on Tallboy sorties.
If it had been necessary, it would have been used against underground factories, and preparations for attacking some of these were well advanced when the war ended.
Beginning in March , Project Ruby was a joint Anglo—American project to investigate the use of penetration bombs against heavily protected, concrete targets.
The Valentin submarine pens near Bremen were chosen as a target, having become unusable and abandoned since the attack on 27 March Around sorties were flown, testing bombs including the rocket-assisted Disney bomb.
Main portions of these bombs, without their lightweight tails, can be seen at the Kelham Island Museum in Sheffield and Yorkshire Air Museum at Elvington.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Second World War earthquake bomb. Type of Earthquake bomb. See also: Tallboy bomb design.
Grand Slam bomb casings awaiting delivery. Grand Slam bomb exploding near Arnsberg viaduct, Damage caused by a Grand Slam on the Valentin submarine pen, 27 March ; a figure stands at the edge of the rubble.
Argus Melbourne, Vic. Retrieved 6 December XLIX Retrieved 6 April Retrieved 12 November Constable, Miles 21 April Canadian Aces.
Constable, ca. Archived from the original on 17 September Beyond the Dams to the Tirpitz pbk. Goodall Publications, London ed.
London: William Kimber. Flower, Stephen Stroud: Tempus. Harris, Sir Arthur . Bomber Offensive. Kharin, D.
Archived from the original on 21 February Lake, Jon Lancaster Squadrons — Oxford: Osprey.Ellen Roosevelt. She also won the Olympics during this period. French Championships. Esther Vergeer 3. Roger Federer. Bob Dsob.